Do you know what is insulin resistance is?
Syndrome of insulin resistance occurs when the cells do not respond to a given amount of insulin, either naturally occurring insulin by the pancreas which is administered to the body by injection. In this way, the person who is insulin resistant need more of this hormone for it to take effect in your body.
The insulin is a very important hormone. This regulates the growth of body cells, the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins, and helps to control glucose levels in the blood . When they are too high, the pancreas increases insulin production to "clean" blood glucose and transport into cells, it is one of its sources of energy.
However, there are organisms whose cells have a reduced ability to respond to the action of the hormone insulin, developing the syndrome known as insulin resistance. As the body is resistant to it, the pancreas keeps producing more and more insulin. But this can not control blood sugar levels high, precisely because the cells are immune to it.
Implications? The insulin resistance may be, therefore, a risk factor for diabetes and heart disease.
Causes of insulin resistance
It is believed that there is a strong genetic factor in the development of insulin resistance, which means that it is usually inherited, and may also be caused by the consumption of certain drugs.
Furthermore, there are cases related to the following conditions:
- Metabolic syndrome
- Obesity and particularly excess abdominal fat
- Gestational diabetes (during pregnancy)
- Type 2 Diabetes
These conditions presented above are risk factors for insulin resistance , so if you have any of them, it is important that you begin to care, because their symptoms are not very reliable.
Treatment of insulin resistance
While it is transmitted by heritage, and this is something we can not change, you can prevent the syndrome of insulin resistance following a healthy lifestyle. You can do this with a nutritious, balanced and calorie-restricted diet, as well as a healthy weight and half hour of physical exercise at least five times a week.
You should also consult a doctor to recommend certain medications that make your body more sensitive to the effects of insulin. For example, cholesterol-lowering drugs or drugs used to control blood pressure are often important to treat conditions related to insulin resistance.