Hypoglycemia is defined as abnormally low blood glucose level which can occur as a complication of treatment of diabetes mellitus due to excessive insulin production, medications and poisons, alcohol, prolonged starvation, hormone deficiencies, organ failure and inborn error of metabolism. Hypoglycemia normally acts as an indicator of health problem resulting from hormone or enzyme deficiencies or tumors.
The symptoms of hypoglycemia are as follows:
During sleep, hypoglycemia can cause you to have night mares, perspiration and feel tired, irritable or confused after waking up.
The carbohydrates we eat is broken down into the simplest form of sugar; glucose which enters the bloodstream immediately. However excess glucose is stored as glycogen by the action of the hormone insulin. If a person suffering from diabetes takes too much insulin his/her blood sugar level can become very low presenting him with the condition hypoglycemia. Also if the person eats less or does exercise can cause him to develop hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia can also occur in people who do not suffer from diabetes but have swallowed diabetes medication. Other drugs such as Quinine; used for treating malaria, and salicylates; used for treating rheumatic disease, can also cause hypogylcemia. Other causes can be liver diseases, kidney disorders, eating disorders, insulinoma, endocrine problems and reactive hypoglycemia.
To prevent hypoglycemia keep a regular check on blood glucose levels, eat regularly, avoid heavy drinking, eat carbohydrate-rich food before exercising and carry your ID with you wherever you go.