- Put your baby in a car seat and buckle the belt before you start the car. Keep the seat rear facing until the baby is a year old and weighs at least 20 pounds. The back seat is the safest place for babies and children.
- Stay with your baby when you are playing in the water or close to it. Never leave your baby alone in the tub or pool. Babies can drown in just a few inches of water.
- Keep your baby away from things that can burn. Do not eat, drink, smoke or carry anything hot while carrying the baby.
- Prepare healthy foods. Avoid too much sweetened, salty or fatty food.
- Lock up guns, alcohol, drugs and chemicals such as cleaning products. They can do much harm to the baby.
- Be aware of choking hazards like small candies, coins, popcorn, grapes and nuts.
- Put away knives, matches and other items that can hurt the baby. Put them in a place your exploring baby can not reach.
- Never shake your baby.
At home, we must be very vigilant, especially when it comes to our child's safety. It is very important to keep household products away from reach, as they can cause harm to your children. Many household products can be poisonous. Here are some:
- cleaning products for the kitchen, such as cleaner and dishwasher detergent
- general cleaning products like ammonia, furniture polish and bleach
- the liquid to clean the toilet, the liquid to unclog drain pipes and other bathroom products
- laundry products such as bleach, spot remover and fabric softener
- turpentine, kerosene, lighter fluid and charcoal lighter
- paint remover, paint thinner, paint and varnish
- products such as gasoline and antifreeze
- the bath and beauty products such as makeup, nail polish remover and perfume
- insecticides, roach traps, rat poison and ant
- prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs such as aspirin, sleeping pills, laxatives and cough syrup
- vitamins, iron tablets and other food supplements
Babies are naturally curious. At this age, they seek to crawl on all sides and climb to get things they want. Protect your child from poisons. Here are some safety tips:
- Watch your child at all times. Stay close and keep her out of danger.
- Keep poisons in locked cabinets.
- Keep household products out of reach.
- Make sure that all medicines have safety caps. These make it difficult for children to take them off, but do not rely on safety caps only. Given enough time, children manage to open them.
- Do not leave medicine in the table in the kitchen or bathroom sink. Keep all medicine out of reach.
- Keep your bag as well as any person who comes to visit. The bags often contain medicines and other harmful products.
- Throw out old medicines. Check the expiration date on the label. Take the medicine down the toilet and rinse the container.
- Keep products in their original containers. For example, do not put gasoline in a soda bottle, so there is no danger of a child to mistake.
- Store harmful products away from food.
- Get rid of harmful products do not need. It is better to discard a half can of paint thinner than risk an accident. Call the agency that collects the garbage. They have a special place for disposing of these products.
Choose a crib with bars no farther apart than 2 and 3/8 inch (6 cm.) If the space between the bars is too wide, your baby could slip through and strangle.
Use ruler to check the width of space between bars. Wrap a cloth between the bars if they are too far apart.
The crib should not have corner posts that stick out of the crib. Unscrew the corner.
The mattress should fit snugly against the sides of the crib.They should fit more than 2 fingers between the mattress and crib side. Place rolled towels between the mattress and the crib if the mattress is too small.
When your baby can push, remove bumpers, pillows and crib toys. Your baby can step on these things to climb out of the crib and fall.
What else I can do to keep the bedroom safe?
Remove any cords that could wrap around your baby's neck. Keep the crib away from electric cords, curtains and drapery cords, or tie the cords so they are less than 6 inches long (15 cm.)Keep them beyond the reach of your child. Mobiles and toys that hang from the crib should be kept well out of reach.Remove strings on crib toys and pacifiers.
How I can make the kitchen safe?
Turn the pot handles toward the back of the stove. Use the burners on the back of the stove for cooking.
Keep food and hot drinks out of reach, far from the edge of a counter or table. Keep knives and other sharp objects out of reach or in drawers or cabinets locked or "childproof." Wrap the cords of electrical appliances and keep them out of reach.
How I can keep medicines and poisons out of reach?
Keep medicines, vitamins, cleaning products and other poisons in locked cabinets. Children can not know what is difference between medicine and candy.
If your child has swallowed something, call a poison control center immediately. Keep that phone number near your telephone. Syrup of ipecac can be used to make the child vomit the poison, but should only be used if the poison control center recommends it.
How I can make bath time safe?
Because children can drown in very little water, you should always stay with your child when he or she is in the tub. NEVER leave your child alone or with an older child in the bathroom or tub, even for a minute. If you have to answer the phone or doorbell, take your child with you.
Always test the water with your hand before putting your child in the tub. Young children have soft skin and burn easily if the water in the sink or bathtub is too hot.
Set your water heater to 120 º F (49 º C) or less. To check the temperature of the hot water from the faucet, the water flow about a thermometer meat or candy for 3 minutes.
Keep electrical appliances like hair dryers away from water and unplugged when you are not using them. They can cause an electric shock if they fall into the sink or bathtub while plugged.
How I can be sure toys are safe?
Parts of toys for children under 3 years of age should not be smaller than 1 and 1/4 inch (3.13 cm) in diameter and 2 and 1/4 inch (5.63 cm.) Long . Any part smaller than this can cause your child to choke.
Check the label to make sure a toy is safe for your child's age. Keep toys for older children away from babies and children toddlers.
What about the plants?
Plants should be placed beyond the reach of your child. Some plants are poisonous. Call your poison control center to find out if your plants are poisonous.
Are the stairs dangerous?
They can be. Use gates for children beginning to walk, in the top and the bottom of the stairs. Gates with big spaces between the slats should not be used because children can get trapped between these spaces.
What about the windows?
Keep children away from windows to prevent falls. Screens are made to keep bugs out, not to keep children inside. Use safety plugs windows to prevent children from falling. Keep chairs and other furniture away from windows so children can not climb. If possible, open windows above, not below.
Other safety tips
- Keep plastic bags and deflated or burst balloons away from young children.
- Use plastic to cover electric outlets are not using.
- Keep alcohol and cigarettes out of reach.
- Keep guns and other firearms out of the house. If guns are in the house, unload them, put them in a locked and keep keys out of reach of children.Store the gun in a separate place of bullets.
- When placing your baby on anything above the ground, like a changing table, always stand close with your hand on your baby.
- Lock matches and lighters in a cabinet that is higher than your shoulders.