How to perform a self-breast exam is a procedure that anyone can perform on their own and it includes five steps ;
Start by standing in front of a mirror large enough to see your breasts clearly, check for anything unusual, and place your hand on your hips, and your shoulder straight; this is what to look out for;
(a) Breasts that are evenly shaped without any visible swelling.
(b) Breasts that are their usual size shape and color.
Changes to alert your doctor about include:Dimpling or bulging of the skin,redness, rashes soreness or swelling and a nipple that is inverted;
Repeat step 1, but now with your arm raised
While standing in front of the mirror, use your hand to squeeze each nipple, observing any discharge, if it is present, it could be, watery, milk, yellow discharge or blood.
Lie down on a flat surface, with one hand under your head and a folded towel or pillow under the shoulder. (this position is used because it spreads the breast tissues over the chest evenly, making it easy to check) then using the left hand to feel the right breast and right hand to feel left breast. Use a firm smooth touch with the finger pad of the first three fingers keeping them tight and together, move circularly from top to bottom and sideways. Follow a pattern to be sure that you cover the whole breast. Begin at the nipple, moving in larger and larger circles until you reach the outer edge of the breast. Move your fingers up and down vertically, in rows. Be sure to feel all the tissue from the front to the back of your breasts: for the skin and tissue just beneath, use light pressure; use medium pressure for tissue in the middle of your breasts; use a lot of pressure when it comes to the deep tissue in the back. When you've reached the deep tissue, you should be able to feel down to your ribcage.
Finally, feel your breasts while standing or sitting down. Many women find that the easiest way to feel their breasts is when their skin is wet and slippery, so this step is done during shower. Make sure you cover the entire breast with the same hand movements as in step 4.